large quantities, by various methods of cooking, meat, poultry, fish,
vegetables, etc. Seasons and cooks all cuts of various meats, fish
and poultry. Boils, steams or fries vegetables. Makes
gravies, soups, sauces, roasts, meat pies, fricassees, casseroles, and
stews. Excludes food service supervisors and head cooks who
exercise general supervision over kitchen activities.
mechanically washes and rinses dishes, glasses and silverware; maintains
proper temperature for sterilization and adds soap as needed; performs
other duties as assigned.
Fast Food Shift Leader (Crew Chef, Team
A non supervisory full or part-time worker who performs
the duties of a Fast Food Worker. In additional, from time to time,
after training, performs other duties requiring a limited amount of
discretion such as assisting management in directing other Fast Food
Workers, controlling amount and timing of food production, and opening
and closing restaurant.
Fast Food Worker (Crew Person, Team
A non supervisory full or part-time worker who performs
one or more repetitious and standardized tasks at an assigned station.
Duties include one or more of the following: Preparing simple food items
such as french fries, fish or chicken portions, hamburgers, and
beverages in a highly standardized manner, often controlled by automatic
or simple timing devices; taking customersí orders; filling orders; and
collecting payment. May rotate among stations. May also
clean equipment or premises.
Food Service Worker (Cafeteria Worker)
Performs a variety of tasks concerned with the
preparation and serving of foods and beverages. Washes, peels,
scrapes, and cuts vegetables and fruits. Prepares simple salads
and toast. Cuts butter and slices cakes and pies. Makes
coffee, tea, and other beverages. Dishes out portions of foods on
trays or plates, and pours beverages. Prepares dining and serving
areas by setting up counters, stands, and tables. Places food
containers in serving order, fills salt and pepper shakers, and places
linen and silverware on tables. Scrapes, washes and sorts dishes,
glassware, and silverware. Cleans kitchen equipment, pots and
pans, counters, and tables. Sweeps and mops floors.
All heavy mopping; all damp mopping in excess of one-half
hour per shift; all work done on a ladder; most bathroom cleaning,
except for wiping out sinks and replacing toilet supplies; buffing,
stripping, waxing; use of any heavy machine, snow blower; brass
polishing; removing heavy trash and loading into gondolas, compactors;
changing light bulbs, cleaning light fixtures; loading and unloading
drums, boxes of cleaning material; high dusting, including use of
extension poles and other tasks requiring extra strength, agility, and
Spot dry moping of one-half hour or less per shift;
emptying ashtrays; cleaning phones; spot cleaning; desk dusting; dusting
within armís reach; emptying waste baskets into trash bags; vacuuming of
no more than Ĺ of shift; wiping out sinks, replacing toilet supplies in
bathrooms and snow shoveling; no climbing; no extension poles and no
lifting of more than 20 pounds.
Utilizing standardized meat cutting methods, breaks down
meat carcasses and wholesale cuts; bones and cuts meat into roasts,
steaks, chops, etc. Cleans and cuts fish into fillets and steaks.
Draws, dresses and cuts poultry. Must have a knowledge of methods
of handling and storing meats, fish or fowl.
Serves food and beverages to patrons at counters and
tables of coffee shops, lunchrooms, and other dining establishments.
Presents menus to customers, answers questions, and makes suggestions
regarding food and service. Writes order on check or memorizes it.
Relays order to kitchen and serves course from kitchen and service bars.
Observes guests to fulfill any additional requests and to perceive when
meal has been completed. Totals bill and accepts payment or refers
patron to Cashier. May ladle soup, toss salads, portion pies and
desserts, brew coffee, and perform other services as determined by
establishmentís size and practices. May clear and reset counters
or tables at conclusion of each course or meal.
Receives cash from customers or employees in payment for
goods or services and records amounts received. Recomputes or
computes bill, itemized lists, and tickets showing amount due, using
adding machine or cash register. Makes change, cashes checks, and
issues receipts or tickets to customers. Records amounts received
and prepares reports of transactions. Reads and records totals
shown on cash register tape and verifies against cash on hand. May
make credit card transactions. May be required to know value and
features of items for which money is received. May give cash
refunds or issue credit memorandums to customers for returned
merchandise. May operate ticket-dispensing machine. May sell
candy, cigarettes, gum and gift certificates, and issue trading stamps.
Usually employed in restaurants, cafeterias, theaters, retail stores,
and other establishments.
GENERAL SERVICES AND SUPPORT OCCUPATIONS
The Elevator Repairer repairs and maintains ďAutomated
People MoversĒ and like named devices used in the transportation of
people and materials including, but not limited to elevators,
escalators, dumbwaiters, and moving walkways to meet safety regulations
and building codes. This worker trouble shoots and determines causes of
trouble in brakes, electrical motors, switches, signal and control
systems, using computers, test lamps, voltmeters, ammeters, and
oscilloscopes, disassembles defective units and repairs or replaces
parts such as electrical door locks, cables, electrical wiring and
faulty safety devices installs push button control systems, complete
control systems, and other devices to modernize automated people mover
systems, and cleans and lubricates bearing and other parts to minimize
Contact the Department of Labor, Wage & Workplace Standards Division.
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working
areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or
commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the
following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors;
removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies
and minor maintenance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and
1. Workers who specialize in window washing.
Housekeeping staff who make beds and change linens as a
Workers required to
disassemble and assemble equipment in order to clean machinery.
Workers who receive
additional compensation to maintain sterile facilities or
Laborer, Grounds Maintenance
Maintains grounds of industrial, commercial or public
property such as buildings, camp and picnic grounds, parks, playgrounds,
greenhouses, and athletic fields, and repairs structures and equipment,
performing one or more of the following tasks: Cut grass, using
walking-type or riding mowers (less than 2000 lbs.). Trims hedges
and edges around walks, flower beds and wells, using hedge trimmers,
clippers and edging tools. Prunes shrubs and trees to shape and
improve growth, using shears and other hand tools. Sprays lawn,
shrubs, and trees with fertilizer or insecticide. Plants grass, flowers,
trees, and shrubs. Waters lawn and shrubs during dry periods,
using hose or activating sprinkler system. Picks up and burns or
carts away leaves, paper or other litter. Removes snow from walks,
driveways, roads, or parking lots, using shovel and snow blower.
Spreads salt on walkways and other areas. Repairs and paints
fences, gates, benches, tables, guardrails, and outbuildings.
Assists in repair of roads, walks, buildings, and mechanical equipment.
May clean comfort stations, office and workshop areas, and parking lots
by sweeping, washing, mopping and polishing.
Maid or Houseman
Cleans rooms and other premises of hotel, motel, tourist
home, or other lodging facility, performing any combination of the
following tasks. Dusts and cleans Venetian blinds, furniture, and
other surfaces. Sorts, counts, folds, marks, or carries linens.
Turns mattresses and makes beds. Moves and arranges furniture and
hangs drapes. Cleans and polishes metalwork and porcelain bathroom
fixtures. Spot-cleans walls and windows. Empties
wastebaskets and removes trash. Removes soiled linens for
laundering. Replenishes room supplies. Reports need for
repairs to equipment, furniture, building and fixtures.
Pest Controller (Exterminator)
solutions or toxic gases and sets mechanical traps to kill pests that
infest buildings and surrounding areas. Fumigates rooms and
buildings, using toxic gases. Spray chemical solutions or dusts
powders in rooms and work areas. Places poisonous paste or bait
and mechanical traps where pests are present. May clean areas that
harbor pests, using rakes, brooms, shovels, and mops preparatory to
fumigating. May be required to hold State license.
Picks up garbage,
trash, or refuse from homes and businesses and other locations, and
deposits it in a truck.
Drives gasoline or diesel powered tractor to move
materials, draw implements, tow trailers, pull out objects embedded in
ground, or pull cable of winch to raise, lower, or load heavy material
or equipment. Fastens attachments such as graders, plows, rollers,
mowers (over 2000 lbs.), back-hoes, seeders, and disc harrows to
tractor. Adjusts equipment for proper operation. Lubricates
and makes minor repairs to tractor and attachments such as tightening
bolts, and replacing washers, cotter pins, and screws.
Cleans windows, glass
partitions, mirrors, and other glass surfaces of building interior or
exterior, using pail of soapy water or other cleaner, sponge, and
squeegee. Crawls through window from inside and hooks safety belt
to brackets for support; sets and climbs ladder to reach second or third
story; uses bosín chair, swing state or other scaffolding lowered from
roof to reach outside windows; or stands to reach first floor or inside
MECHANICS AND MAINTENANCE REPAIR OCCUPATIONS
Performs the carpentry duties necessary to maintain in
good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions, using a variety of carpenterís hand tools, portable power
tools and standards measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance
carpenter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as
the installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the
generation, distribution, or utilization of electric energy. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings,
layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the
electrical system or equipment; and using a variety of electricianís
hand tools and measuring and testing instruments. In general, the
work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
General Maintenance Worker
Performs general maintenance and repair of equipment and
buildings requiring practical skill and knowledge (but not proficiency)
in such trades as painting, carpentry, plumbing, masonry, and electrical
work. Work involves a variety of the following duties: Replacing
electrical receptacles, wires, switches, fixtures, and motors; using
plaster or compound to patch minor holes and cracks in walls and
ceilings; repairing or replacing concrete floors, steps, and sidewalks;
replacing damaged paneling and floor tiles; hanging doors and installing
door locks; replacing broken window panes; and performing general
maintenance on equipment and machinery.
Craft workers included in a formal apprenticeship or
progression program based on training and experience;
Skilled craft workers required to demonstrate proficiency
in one or more trades;
simple maintenance duties not requiring practical skill and knowledge of
a trade (e.g., changing light bulbs and replacing faucet washers).
Heating, Refrigeration and
Installs, services and repairs environmental-control
systems in residences, department stores, office buildings and other
commercial establishments, utilizing knowledge of refrigeration theory,
pipefitting and structural layout. Mounts compressor and condenser
units on platform or floor, using hand tools, following blueprints or
engineering specifications. Fabricates, assembles and installs
ductwork and chassis parts, using portable metalworking tools and
welding equipment. Installs evaporator unit in chassis or in
air-duct system, using hand tools. Cuts and bends tubing to
correct length and shape, using cutting and bending equipment and tools.
Cuts and threads pipe, using machine-threading or hand-threading
equipment. Joins tubing or pipes to various refrigerating units by
means or sleeves, couplings or unions, and solders joints, using torch,
forming complete circuit for refrigerant. Installs expansion and
discharge valves in circuit. Connects motors, compressors,
temperature controls, humidity controls and circulating ventilation fans
to control panels and connects control panels to power source.
Installs air and water filters in completed installation.
Injects small amount
of refrigerant into compressor to test systems and adds Freon gas to
build up prescribed operating pressure. Observes pressure on
vacuum gauges and adjusts controls to insure proper operation.
Tests joints and connections for gas leaks, using gauges or soap-and
water solution. Wraps pipes in insulation batting and secures them
in place with cement or wire bands. Replaces defective breaker
controls, thermostats, switches, fuses and electrical wiring to repair
installed units, using electricianís hand tools and test equipment.
May install, repair and service air conditioners, ranging from fifteen
to twenty tons cooling capacity, in warehouses and small factory
Performs tasks which require mainly physical abilities
and effort involving little or no specialized skill or prior work
experience. The following tasks are typical of this occupation:
Loads and unloads trucks, and other conveyances; moves supplies and
materials to proper location by wheelbarrows or hand trucks; stacks
materials for storage or binning; collects refuse and salvageable
materials. Digs, fills, and tamps earth excavations; levels ground
using pick, shovel, tamper and rake; shovels concrete and snow; cleans
culverts and ditches; cuts tree and brush; operates power lawnmowers.
Moves and arranges heavy pieces of office and household furniture,
equipment, and appliances; moves heavy pieces of automotive, medical
engineering, and other types of machinery and equipment. Spreads
sand and salt on icy roads and walk-ways; picks up leaves and trash.
Installs, repairs, modifies, and opens a variety of
locking mechanisms found on doors, desks, compartments, mobile
equipment, safes, and vaults. Examines locking mechanism and
installs new unit or disassembles unit and replaces worn tumblers,
springs, and other parts or repairs them by filing, drilling, chiseling
and grinding. Opens door locks by moving lockpick in cylinder or
opens safe locks by listening to lock sounds or by drilling. Makes
new or duplicate keys, using key cutting machine. Changes
combination by inserting new or repaired tumblers into lock.
Establishes keying systems for buildings.
Paints and redecorates
walls, woodwork and fixtures. Work involves the following:
Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for
different applications; preparing surface of painting by removing old
finish or by placing putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; and
applying paint with spray gun or brush. May mix colors, oils,
white lead and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or
consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas or other types of
pipe and pipefittings. Work involves most of the following: Laying
out work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings or other
written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct lengths
with chisel and hammer, oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machines;
threading pipe with stocks and dies, bending pipe by hand-driven or
power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening pipe
to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow and size of pipe required; and making standards tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work
of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
Assembles, installs and repairs pipes, fittings and fixtures of heating,
water, and drainage systems, according to specifications and plumbing
codes. Studies building plans and working drawings to determine
work aids required and sequence of installations. Inspects
structure to ascertain obstructions to be avoided to prevent weakening
of structure resulting from installation of pipe. Locates and
marks position of pipe and pipe connections and passage holes for pipes
in walls and floors, using ruler, spirit level and plumb bob. Cuts
openings in walls and floors to accommodate pipe and pipe fittings,
using hand tools and power tools. Cuts and threads pipe, using
pipe cutters, cutting torch, and pipe-threading machine. Bends
pipe to required angle by use of pipe-bending machine or by placing pipe
over block and bending it by hand. Assembles and installs valves,
pipe fittings, and pipes composed of metals, such as iron, steel, brass
and lead, and nonmetals, such as glass, vitrified clay, and plastic,
using hand tools and power tools. Joins pipe by use of screws, bolts,
fittings, solder, plastic solvent, and calks joints. Fills pipe
system with water or air and reads pressure gauges to determine whether
system is leaking. Installs and repairs plumbing fixtures, such as
sinks, commodes, bathtubs, water heaters, hot water tanks, garbage
disposal units, dishwashers, and water softeners. Repairs and maintains
plumbing by replacing washers in leaky faucets, mending burst pipes, and
opening clogged drains. May weld holding fixtures to steel
Sheet-Metal Worker, Maintenance
Fabricates, installs and maintains in good repair the
sheet-metal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of
an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from
blueprints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating
all available types of sheet-metal working machines; using a variety of
hand tools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting and
assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles as requires. In
general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experience.
FURNITURE MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR OCCUPATIONS
Assists one or more electrostatic spray painters in
repainting furniture by performing specific or general duties of lesser
skill. Moves materials or furniture to work areas, using hand
truck or dolly. Cleans surfaces of articles to be painted.
The Furniture Handler is confined to supplying lifting, holding
materials and tools, and cleaning working areas.
LAUNDRY, DRY CLEANING, PRESSING AND RELATED
This category includes
occupations concerned with receiving, sorting, washing, drying,
Dry-cleaning, dyeing, pressing, and preparing for delivery of clothes,
linens, and other articles requiring laundering, dry-cleaning or pressing;
and with modifying and repairing clothing and equipment, using hand tools,
machines, and other devices to fit, cut, sew, rivet, assemble and attach
findings to articles such as belts, brief cases, bags, gun covers, hats,
rainwear, tents, and uniforms.
Assembler (Assorter; Distributor;
Sorts or assembles the
various dry-cleaned or laundered garments and other items of each
customerís order, matching the articles according to description and
identifying number as shown by plant records.
Counter Attendant (Service
Receives articles, such as shoes and clothing, to be
repaired or cleaned, in personal-service establishment. Examines
articles to determine nature of repair and advises customer of repair
needed. Quotes prices and prepares work ticket. Sends
articles to work department. Returns to finished articles to
customer and collects amount due. May keep records of cash
receipts and articles received and delivered. May sell articles,
such as cleaner, polish, shoelaces, and accessories.
Operates a dry-cleaning machine to clean garments,
drapes, and other articles. Work involves most of the following:
Knowledge of cleaning processes, fabrics, and colors; placing sorted
articles in drum of cleaning machine; operating valves to admit cleaning
fluids into drum of machine; starting drum rotating, allowing it to
rotate until articles are cleaned and removing articles are cleaned and
removing articles from machine; and draining and filtering cleaning
fluid. May, in addition, operate an extractor, tumbling machine,
or place articles in a cabinet dryer.
Presses articles, such
as drapes, knit goods, millinery parts, garments, and slip covers, or
delicate textiles, such as lace, synthetics and silks to remove
wrinkles, flatten seams, and give shape to article, using hand iron.
Places article in position on ironing board or worktable. Smooths
and shapes fabric prior to pressing. Sprays water over fabric to
soften fibers when not using steam iron. Adjusts temperature of
iron, according to type of fabric, and uses covering cloths to prevent
scorching or to avoid sheen on delicate fabrics. Pushes and pulls
iron over surfaces of article, employing knowledge relevant to pressing
different types of fabrics. Pushes and pulls iron over surfaces of
article, employing knowledge relevant to pressing different types of
fabrics. Fits odd-shaped pieces which cannot be pressed flat over
puff iron. May pin, fold, and hang article after pressing.
Presser, Machine, Dry-Cleaning
Smooths the surfaces
of garments, slip covers, drapes, and other shaped-fabric articles with
a pressing machine to shape the articles, remove wrinkles, and to
flatten seams. May operate two presses, loading one while the
other is closed.
Presser, Machine, Shirts
Operates or tends the operation of one or more of the
several types of machines that press shirts. Performs such shirt
pressing operations as body pressing, bosom pressing, collar and cuff
pressing, and/or sleeve pressing.
Presser, Machine, Wearing Apparel,
Operates machine to press family wearing apparel
(T-shirts, socks, shorts, and so forth) or uniforms and coats from linen
supply and commercial accounts. May fold and stack finished work
or hang garments on rack. Shirt pressers are not to be included in
Washer, Machine (Washman)
Operates one or more washing machines to wash household
linens, garments, curtains, drapes, and other articles. Work
involves the following: Manipulating valves, switches, and levers to
start and stop the machine and to control the amount and temperature of
water for the sudsing and rinsing of each batch; mixing and adding soap,
bluing and bleaching solutions; loading and unloading the washing
machine, if not done by loaders or unloaders (pullers). May make
minor repairs to washing machine.
PLANT AND SYSTEM OPERATION OCCUPATIONS
Tends one or more
boilers to produce steam or high-temperature water for use in an
establishment. Fires boiler Observes and interprets readings on
gauges, meters, and charts which register various aspects of boiler
operation. Adjusts controls to insure safe and efficient boiler
operation and to meet demands for steam or high-temperature water.
May also do one or more of the following: Maintain a log in which
various aspects of boiler operation are recorded; clean, oil , make
minor repairs or assist in repair to boiler room equipment; and
following prescribed methods, treat boiler water with chemicals and
analyze boiler water for such tings as acidity, causticity, and
Operates and maintains one or more systems which provide
an establishment with such services as heat, air-conditioning (cool,
humidify, dehumidify, filter, and circulate air), refrigeration, steam
or high-temperature water or electricity. Duties involve:
Observing and interpreting readings on gauges, meters and charts which
register various aspects of the systemís operation, adjusting controls
to insure safe and efficient operation ; keeping the engines, machinery
and equipment of the system in good working order. May direct and
coordinate activities of other workers (not stationary engineers) in
performing tasks directly related to operating and maintaining the
system or systems. The classification excludes head or chief
engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer; workers
required to be skilled in the repair of electronic control equipment;
workers in establishments producing electricity, steam, or heated or
cooled air primarily for sale; and Boiler Tenders.
Ventilation Equipment Tender
Tends ventilating and
heating equipment, such as fans, vacuum pumps, air compressors, vents
and ducts, and lubrication-oil coolers used in buildings or industrial
processes: Adjusts valves to regulate temperature of lubrication oil and
flow of water through system. Moves controls to regulate speed of
fans and to adjust vents and ducts. records gauge readings,
repairs completed, and time lost because of inoperative equipment.
Writes repair work order tickets and out-of-order tags preparatory to
equipment repair,. Inspects equipment to detect excessive noise
and heat. Replaces gauges and tightens and chalks leaky fittings,
using wrenches, hammers, and chalking tool. Cleans carbon
deposits, pitch, and grease from fans, vents and ducts, using
scrapers, hammer, and compressed air or steam.
TRANSPORATION/MOBILE EQUIPMENT OPERATION
Parking and Lot Attendant
Operates daily activity in a parking lot. Checks
vehicles in and out of lot. May be required to move and/or park
vehicles. Controls authorized entry and use of lot. Refers
parking related problems arising within the facility to appropriate
authorities for administrative action, ticketing or other law
enforcement activity deemed warranted.
Truck Driver and
Snowplow Driver, Heavy Truck,
Bobcat and Front End Loader
Straight truck, over 4 tons, usually 10 wheels
Truck Driver and
Snowplow Driver, Light Truck
Straight truck, under 1 1/2 tons, usually 4 wheels
Truck Driver and
Snowplow Driver, Medium Truck
Straight truck, 1 1/2 to 4 tons inclusive, usually
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