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CONN-OSHA Survey Shows Decline in Rate and Numbers of Injuries and Illnesses in Connecticut Workplaces in 2004
Annual Report Notes Decreases for Both Public and Private Sectors
  

For immediate release
December 13, 2005
   

WETHERSFIELD, A total of 68,200 injuries and illnesses were reported in Connecticut’s public and private sector workplaces during 2004, according to the annual survey of occupational injuries and illnesses compiled by the Department of Labor’s CONN-OSHA division. The total represents a rate of 5.2 cases per Published by the Connecticut Department of Labor, Project Management Office0 equivalent full-time workers – a decline from 2003, when the rate of injuries and illnesses was 5.5 cases per Published by the Connecticut Department of Labor, Project Management Office0 equivalent full-time workers. 

According to Labor Commissioner Shaun B. Cashman, the private sector rate of injuries and illnesses in 2004 was 4.8 cases per Published by the Connecticut Department of Labor, Project Management Office0 workers, a decrease when compared to 5.1 cases in 2003. The public sector – state government and local municipal government operations – also declined in 2004 to a rate of 8.4, down from 8.6 in 2003. 

The decline is a result of a 5.7 percent decrease in the number of cases reported while the number of hours worked remained virtually unchanged. 

Revisions to the Survey: Change in Industry Classifications  

Beginning with the 2003 reference year, the Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses began using the 2002 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). In comparison, the survey used the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system prior to 2003. As a result, while industry comparisons are possible between reference years 2003 and 2004, it is advised that users of the data do not make comparisons between current results and years prior to 2003.  

Connecticut Public Sector

The incidence rate for Connecticut’s state and local government employees was measured at 8.4 cases per Published by the Connecticut Department of Labor, Project Management Office0 equivalent full-time workers in 2004, down from the rate of 8.6 in 2003. Local municipal government operations rose from a rate of 8.7 in 2003 to 9.0 in 2004 while state government decreased from 8.3 to 7.0 over the same time period. The rate of total recordable cases in the public sector is significantly higher than the private sector rate of 4.8 primarily due to hazardous occupations unique to the public sector such as police officers and firefighters. Overall, the public sector accounted for 13,700 of Connecticut’s 68,200 work-related injuries and illnesses (20%) while providing 13% of the employment.

National Rates and Totals

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. A total of 4.3 million nonfatal injuries and illnesses were reported in private industry workplaces during 2004, which is a rate of 4.8 cases per Published by the Connecticut Department of Labor, Project Management Office0 equivalent full-time workers. In comparison, the rate of injuries and illnesses in 2003 was 5 cases per Published by the Connecticut Department of Labor, Project Management Office0 full-time workers. In looking at the 2004 numbers, approximately 2.2 million injuries and illnesses resulted in days away from work, job transfer or restriction. This figure includes a required recuperation period away from work, transfer to another job, restricted duties at work, or a combination of these situations. The remaining 2 million cases did not result in time away from work. The incidence rate for cases with days away from work, job transfer or restriction was 2.5 incidents per Published by the Connecticut Department of Labor, Project Management Office0 workers, while the rate for other recordable cases was 2.3. Both of these rates decreased by 0.1 cases per Published by the Connecticut Department of Labor, Project Management Office0 full-time workers from 2003. 

Industry Comparisons

To account for differences in industry employment and hours worked, the Bureau of Labor Statistics calculates incidence rates relating the number of injuries and/or illnesses to employee

hours in the workplace. This formula can be table 1 that is accompanied by this release. Every employer is categorized in one of 20 industry sectors that make up the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Within sectors, the 2004 injury and illness rates for Connecticut ranged from Published by the Connecticut Department of Labor, Project Management Office.5 cases per Published by the Connecticut Department of Labor, Project Management Office0 equivalent full-time workers in the transportation and warehousing sector to 1.0 in finance and insurance.   

Highest Rate Industries - Table 1 (PDF, 20KB)

A look at the industries with the ten highest rates of occupational injury and illness shows that the public sector continues to be the most hazardous. The public sector had four of the Published by the Connecticut Department of Labor, Project Management Office highest rates, with local government in the top two industries: fire protection (28.7 cases per Published by the Connecticut Department of Labor, Project Management Office0 equivalent full-time workers) and public works – street and highway (25.0). These industries were followed by private sector warehousing and storage (22.7), local government police protection (19.6), couriers and messengers (15.1), nursing and residential care facilities (13.3), and primary metal manufacturing (12.9). Local government parks and recreation (12.5), forging and stamping manufacturing (9.7) and truck transportation (9.7) round out the top-ten list. 

“DART” Cases - Table 2  (PDF, 21KB)

More than half of the 68,200 cases in 2004 (36,900) were cases involving days away from work, restriction or job transfer. These cases required recuperation away from work, transfer to another job, restricted duties at work, or a combination of these actions. Of these cases, the majority (24,800) involved days away from work with or without job transfer or restriction while the remainder (12,200 cases) involved transfer or restriction only. 

Injuries and Size-Class - Table 3 (PDF, 36KB)

Of the 68,200 nonfatal injuries and illnesses in 2004, 63,600 (93%) were injuries that resulted in either lost work time, medical treatment other than first aid, loss of consciousness, restriction of work or motion, or transfer to another job. Although injury and illness rates are generally higher for mid-sized establishments employing 50 to 249 workers than for smaller or larger establishments, this pattern does not hold within certain industry divisions.

Illnesses - Table 4  (PDF, 12KB)

There were about 4,600 newly reported cases of occupational illnesses in Connecticut in 2004, just fewer than 7% of the total number of injuries and illnesses reported statewide. The manufacturing sector, combined with the education and health services sector, contributed over half of the illness cases. They each had approximately 1,200 occupational illnesses in 2004, or 26% of the total.

Survey Notes

The Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses is a federal/state program in which employer reports were collected from about 173,800 private industry establishments nationwide in 2004 and processed by state agencies cooperating with the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). The Connecticut Labor Department sampled approximately 4,500 establishments in the private and public sectors. The survey measures nonfatal injuries and illnesses only.  

The survey excludes the self-employed; farms with fewer than 11 employees; private households; federal government agencies; and, for national estimates, employees in state and local government agencies. The annual survey provides estimates of the number and frequency (incidence rates) of workplace injuries and illnesses based on logs kept by private and public sector employers during the year. These records reflect not only the year’s injury and illness experience, but also the employers’ understanding of which cases are work related under record keeping rules revised by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), U.S. Department of Labor and made effective on Jan. 1, 2002. Effective Jan. 1, 2004, OSHA further revised the record keeping rules by adding hearing loss as a separate identified illness category. 

Data in this release mark the second time for the Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses that establishments are classified by industry based on the 2002 North American Industry Classification System Manual, as defined by the Office of Management and Budget. NAICS recognizes hundreds of new businesses in the United States economy, most of which are in the service providing sector. NAICS classifies establishments into a detailed industry based on the production processes and provided services. As a result of the conversion to NAICS, the estimates by industry from the 2003 and 2004 surveys are not comparable with those from prior years.

Occupational injury and illness data for coal, metal, and nonmetal mining and for railroad activities were provided by the federal Department of Labor’s Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) and the Department of Transportation’s Federal Railroad Administration (FRA). Neither of these agencies adopted the revised OSHA record keeping requirements for 2004. Therefore, estimates for these industries are not comparable with estimates for other industries.

The survey estimates of occupational injuries and illnesses are based on a scientifically selected probability sample, rather than a census of the entire population. Because the data are based on a sample survey, the injury and illness estimates likely differ from the figures that would be obtained from all units covered by the survey. To determine the precision of each estimate, a standard error was calculated. The standard error defines a range (confidence interval) around the estimate. The approximate 95% confidence interval is the estimate plus or minus twice the standard error. The standard error also can be expressed as a percent of the estimate, or the relative standard error. For example, the national 2004 incidence rate for all occupational injuries  and illnesses of 4.8 per Published by the Connecticut Department of Labor, Project Management Office0 full-time workers in private industry has an estimated relative standard error of about 0.6%. The 95% confidence interval would be 4.8 plus or minus 1.2% percent (2 times 0.6%) or 4.74 to 4.86. One can be 95% confident that the “true” incidence rate falls within the confidence interval. A relative standard error was calculated for each estimate from the survey and will be available on the BLS Internet site at www.bls.gov/iif/home.htm .

The number of injuries and illnesses reported in any year can be influenced by the level of economic activity, working conditions and work practices, worker experience and training, and the number of hours worked. The data also are subject to nonsampling error. The inability to obtain information about all cases in the sample, mistakes in recording or coding the data, and definition difficulties are examples of nonsampling error in the survey. Non-sampling errors are not measured. However, BLS has implemented quality assurance procedures to minimize nonsampling error in the survey.

2004 Summary Data Tables 

2004 Case and Demographic Data Tables

Safety and Health Statistics

Last Updated: July 07, 2015


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