FOOD PREPARATION AND SERVICE OCCUPATIONS
Applies full knowledge of baking trade and is responsible for producing
standard baked goods as bread, rolls, cakes, cookies, biscuits, muffins, various
types of puddings and ice cream or sherbets.
Independently performs moderately difficult tasks in preparing small
quantities of quickly prepared food such as steaks, chops, cutlets, hamburgers,
eggs, salads and other similar items. Excludes workers who exercise
general supervision over kitchen activities.
Prepares in large quantities, by various methods of cooking, meat, poultry,
fish, vegetables, etc. Seasons and cooks all cuts of various meats, fish
and poultry. Boils, steams or fries vegetables. Makes gravies,
soups, sauces, roasts, meat pies, fricassees, casseroles, and stews.
Excludes food service supervisors and head cooks who exercise general
supervision over kitchen activities.
Manually or mechanically washes and rinses dishes, glasses and silverware;
maintains proper temperature for sterilization and adds soap as needed; performs
other duties as assigned.
Fast Food Shift Leader (Crew chief, Team
A non supervisory full or part-time worker who performs the duties of a Fast
Food Worker. In additional, from time to time, after training, performs other
duties requiring a limited amount of discretion such as assisting management in
directing other Fast Food Workers, controlling amount and timing of food
production, and opening and closing restaurant.
Fast Food Worker (Crew person, Team member,
A non supervisory full or part-time worker who performs one or more
repetitious and standardized tasks at an assigned station. Duties include
one or more of the following: Preparing simple food items such as french fries,
fish or chicken portions, hamburgers, and beverages in a highly standardized
manner, often controlled by automatic or simple timing devices; taking
customersí orders; filling orders; and collecting payment. May rotate
among stations. May also clean equipment or premises.
Food Service Worker (Cafeteria Worker)
Performs a variety of tasks concerned with the preparation and serving of
foods and beverages. Washes, peels, scrapes, and cuts vegetables and
fruits. Prepares simple salads and toast. Cuts butter and slices
cakes and pies. Makes coffee, tea, and other beverages. Dishes out
portions of foods on trays or plates, and pours beverages. Prepares dining
and serving areas by setting up counters, stands, and tables. Places food
containers in serving order, fills salt and pepper shakers, and places linen and
silverware on tables. Scrapes, washes and sorts dishes, glassware, and
silverware. Cleans kitchen equipment, pots and pans, counters, and tables.
Sweeps and mops floors.
Utilizing standardized meat cutting methods, breaks down meat carcasses and
wholesale cuts; bones and cuts meat into roasts, steaks, chops, etc.
Cleans and cuts fish into fillets and steaks. Draws, dresses and cuts
poultry. Must have a knowledge of methods of handling and storing meats,
fish or fowl.
Serves food and beverages to patrons at counters and tables of coffee shops,
lunchrooms, and other dining establishments. Presents menus to customers,
answers questions, and makes suggestions regarding food and service.
Writes order on check or memorizes it. Relays order to kitchen and serves
course from kitchen and service bars. Observes guests to fulfill any
additional requests and to perceive when meal has been completed. Totals
bill and accepts payment or refers patron to Cashier. May ladle soup, toss
salads, portion pies and desserts, brew coffee, and perform other services as
determined by establishmentís size and practices. May clear and reset
counters or tables at conclusion of each course or meal.
Receives cash from customers or employees in payment for goods or services
and records amounts received. Recomputes or computes bill, itemized lists,
and tickets showing amount due, using adding machine or cash register.
Makes change, cashes checks, and issues receipts or tickets to customers.
Records amounts received and prepares reports of transactions. Reads and
records totals shown on cash register tape and verifies against cash on hand.
May make credit card transactions. May be required to know value and
features of items for which money is received. May give cash refunds or
issue credit memorandums to customers for returned merchandise. May
operate ticket-dispensing machine. May sell candy, cigarettes, gum and
gift certificates, and issue trading stamps. Usually employed in
restaurants, cafeterias, theaters, retail stores, and other establishments.
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GENERAL SERVICES AND SUPPORT OCCUPATIONS
Housekeeping Aide I
Cleans and supplies patient rooms, wards, nursing stations, lounges,
lavatories, bathrooms, offices, and any other areas, as assigned, in accordance
with standard procedures of the Housekeeping Department and with hospital
objectives. Using cleaning devices such as light mops, small
wringers, dusters, household-type vacuum cleaners, and other necessary tools,
chemicals, and supplies. Performs specific cleaning tasks, including
dusting horizontal surfaces; emptying waste baskets and removing trash;
damp-wiping furniture; cleaning and polishing metal and porcelain bathroom
fixtures; dry-mopping and sanitizing floors of rooms and offices; spot-cleaning
walls and windows; replenishing room supplies; making beds; and sorting and
distributing linen. Assists in cleaning emergency spills observed or on
request. Maintains assigned equipment for cleanliness and has repairs made
when needed. Reports needed repairs to equipment, furniture, building, and
fixtures. In case of fire or other internal emergency assists in escorting
ambulatory patients to exits. In case of a community disaster assists
nurses in making extra beds, and performs other duties as assigned.
Housekeeping Aide II
Performs special cleaning projects as well as daily cleaning duties in
accordance with standards procedures of the Housekeeping Department and with
hospital objectives. Uses cleaning equipment including automatic floor
machines, commercial vacuums, wet mops, large wringers and other necessary
equipment, tools, chemicals and supplies. Dry- and wet-mops floors.
Scrubs and buffs floors with root and other machines. Vacuums carpets to
clean and control bacteria. Transports trash from utility rooms and other
collection points to incinerator, compactor, or pick-up area. Performs
special cleaning of induction units, wall, lighting fixtures, and windows both
inside and outside. Moves furniture and sets up meeting rooms. Collects soiled
linen. Assists in cleaning emergency spills that are observed or as
requested. Maintains assigned equipment for cleanliness and requests
repairs when needed. Reports need for repairs to hospital equipment,
furniture, building and fixtures. Assists in moving patients in case of
fire, disaster or emergency evacuation. Assists security personnel in
restraining disturbed patients in psychiatric wards.
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and
washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial or other
establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following: Sweeping, mopping
or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips, trash, and other refuse;
dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or
trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance services; and cleaning
lavatories, showers, and restrooms.
1. Workers who specialize in window washing.
2. Housekeeping staff who make beds and
change linens as a primary responsibility.
3. Workers required to disassemble and
assemble equipment in order to clean machinery.
4. Workers who receive additional
compensation to maintain sterile facilities or equipment.
Laborer, Grounds Maintenance
Maintains grounds of industrial, commercial or public property such as
buildings, camp and picnic grounds, parks, playgrounds, greenhouses, and
athletic fields, and repairs structures and equipment, performing one or more of
the following tasks: Cut grass, using walking-type or riding mowers (less than
2000 lbs.). Trims hedges and edges around walks, flower beds and wells,
using hedge trimmers, clippers and edging tools. Prunes shrubs and trees
to shape and improve growth, using shears and other hand tools. Sprays
lawn, shrubs, and trees with fertilizer or insecticide. Plants grass,
flowers, trees, and shrubs. Waters lawn and shrubs during dry periods,
using hose or activating sprinkler system. Picks up and burns or carts
away leaves, paper or other litter. Removes snow from walks, driveways,
roads, or parking lots, using shovel and snow blower. Spreads salt on
walkways and other areas. Repairs and paints fences, gates, benches,
tables, guardrails, and outbuildings. Assists in repair of roads, walks,
buildings, and mechanical equipment. May clean comfort stations, office
and workshop areas, and parking lots by sweeping, washing, mopping and
Maid or Houseman
Cleans rooms and other premises of hotel, motel, tourist home, or other
lodging facility, performing any combination of the following tasks. Dusts
and cleans Venetian blinds, furniture, and other surfaces. Sorts, counts,
folds, marks, or carries linens. Turns mattresses and makes beds.
Moves and arranges furniture and hangs drapes. Cleans and polishes
metalwork and porcelain bathroom fixtures. Spot-cleans walls and windows.
Empties wastebaskets and removes trash. Removes soiled linens for
laundering. Replenishes room supplies. Reports need for repairs to
equipment, furniture, building and fixtures.
Pest Controller (Exterminator)
Sprays chemical solutions or toxic gases and sets mechanical traps to kill
pests that infest buildings and surrounding areas. Fumigates rooms and
buildings, using toxic gases. Spray chemical solutions or dusts powders in
rooms and work areas. Places poisonous paste or bait and mechanical traps
where pests are present. May clean areas that harbor pests, using rakes,
brooms, shovels, and mops preparatory to fumigating. May be required to
hold State license.
Picks up garbage, trash, or refuse from homes and businesses and other
locations, and deposits it in a truck.
Drives gasoline or diesel powered tractor to move materials, draw
implements, tow trailers, pull out objects embedded in ground, or pull cable of
winch to raise, lower, or load heavy material or equipment. Fastens
attachments such as graders, plows, rollers, mowers (over 2000 lbs.), back-hoes,
seeders, and disc harrows to tractor. Adjusts equipment for proper
operation. Lubricates and makes minor repairs to tractor and attachments
such as tightening bolts, and replacing washers, cotter pins, and screws.
Cleans windows, glass partitions, mirrors, and other glass surfaces of
building interior or exterior, using pail of soapy water or other cleaner,
sponge, and squeegee. Crawls through window from inside and hooks safety
belt to brackets for support; sets and climbs ladder to reach second or third
story; uses bosín chair, swing state or other scaffolding lowered from roof to
reach outside windows; or stands to reach first floor or inside windows.
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MECHANICS AND MAINTENANCE REPAIR OCCUPATIONS
Performs the carpentry duties necessary to maintain in good repair building
woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters, benches, partitions,
doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made of wood. Work involves most
of the following: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings,
models, or verbal instructions, using a variety of carpenterís hand tools,
portable power tools and standards measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary
for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experience.
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the installation,
maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or
utilization of electric energy. Work involves most of the following:
Installing or repairing any of a variety of electrical equipment such as
generators, transformers, switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers, motors,
heating units, conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from
blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing
trouble in the electrical system or equipment; and using a variety of
electricianís hand tools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
General Maintenance Worker
Performs general maintenance and repair of equipment and buildings requiring
practical skill and knowledge (but not proficiency) in such trades as painting,
carpentry, plumbing, masonry, and electrical work. Work involves a variety
of the following duties: Replacing electrical receptacles, wires, switches,
fixtures, and motors; using plaster or compound to patch minor holes and cracks
in walls and ceilings; repairing or replacing concrete floors, steps, and
sidewalks; replacing damaged paneling and floor tiles; hanging doors and
installing door locks; replacing broken window panes; and performing general
maintenance on equipment and machinery.
- Craft workers included in
a formal apprenticeship or progression program based on
training and experience;
- Skilled craft workers
required to demonstrate proficiency in one or more trades;
- Workers performing simple
maintenance duties not requiring practical skill and
knowledge of a trade (e.g., changing light bulbs and
replacing faucet washers).
Heating, Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning
Installs, services and repairs environmental-control systems in residences,
department stores, office buildings and other commercial establishments,
utilizing knowledge of refrigeration theory, pipefitting and structural layout.
Mounts compressor and condenser units on platform or floor, using hand tools,
following blueprints or engineering specifications. Fabricates, assembles
and installs ductwork and chassis parts, using portable metalworking tools and
welding equipment. Installs evaporator unit in chassis or in air-duct
system, using hand tools. Cuts and bends tubing to correct length and
shape, using cutting and bending equipment and tools. Cuts and threads
pipe, using machine-threading or hand-threading equipment. Joins tubing or
pipes to various refrigerating units by means or sleeves, couplings or unions,
and solders joints, using torch, forming complete circuit for refrigerant.
Installs expansion and discharge valves in circuit. Connects motors,
compressors, temperature controls, humidity controls and circulating ventilation
fans to control panels and connects control panels to power source.
Installs air and water filters in completed installation.
Injects small amount of refrigerant into
compressor to test systems and adds Freon gas to build up prescribed operating
pressure. Observes pressure an vacuum gauges and adjusts controls to
insure proper operation. Tests joints and connections for gas leaks, using
gauges or soap-and water solution. Wraps pipes in insulation batting and
secures them in place with cement or wire bands. Replaces defective
breaker controls, thermostats, switches, fuses and electrical wiring to repair
installed units, using electricianís hand tools and test equipment. May
install, repair and service air conditioners, ranging from fifteen to twenty
tons cooling capacity, in warehouses and small factory buildings.
Performs tasks which require mainly physical abilities and effort involving
little or no specialized skill or prior work experience. The following
tasks are typical of this occupation: Loads and unloads trucks, and other
conveyances; moves supplies and materials to proper location by wheelbarrows or
hand trucks; stacks materials for storage or binning; collects refuse and
salvageable materials. Digs, fills, and tamps earth excavations; levels
ground using pick, shovel, tamper and rake; shovels concrete and snow; cleans
culverts and ditches; cuts tree and brush; operates power lawnmowers.
Moves and arranges heavy pieces of office and household furniture, equipment,
and appliances; moves heavy pieces of automotive, medical engineering, and other
types of machinery and equipment. Spreads sand and salt on icy roads and
walk-ways; picks up leaves and trash.
Installs, repairs, modifies, and opens a variety of locking mechanisms found
on doors, desks, compartments, mobile equipment, safes, and vaults.
Examines locking mechanism and installs new unit or disassembles unit and
replaces worn tumblers, springs, and other parts or repairs them by filing,
drilling, chiseling and grinding. Opens door locks by moving lockpick in
cylinder or opens safe locks by listening to lock sounds or by drilling.
Makes new or duplicate keys, using key cutting machine. Changes
combination by inserting new or repaired tumblers into lock. Establishes
keying systems for buildings.
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork and fixtures. Work involves the
following: Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for
different applications; preparing surface of painting by removing old finish or
by placing putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint
with spray gun or brush. May mix colors, oils, white lead and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the work of
the maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas or other types of pipe and
pipefittings. Work involves most of the following: Laying out work and
measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings or other written
specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and
hammer, oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machines; threading pipe with stocks
and dies, bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe
with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations
relating to pressures, flow and size of pipe required; and making standards
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general,
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
Assembles, installs and repairs pipes, fittings and fixtures of heating,
water, and drainage systems, according to specifications and plumbing codes.
Studies building plans and working drawings to determine work aids required and
sequence of installations. Inspects structure to ascertain obstructions to
be avoided to prevent weakening of structure resulting from installation of
pipe. Locates and marks position of pipe and pipe connections and passage
holes for pipes in walls and floors, using ruler, spirit level and plumb bob.
Cuts openings in walls and floors to accommodate pipe and pipe fittings, using
hand tools and power tools. Cuts and threads pipe, using pipe cutters,
cutting torch, and pipe-threading machine. Bends pipe to required angle by
use of pipe-bending machine or by placing pipe over block and bending it by
hand. Assembles and installs valves, pipe fittings, and pipes composed of
metals, such as iron, steel, brass and lead, and nonmetals, such as glass,
vitrified clay, and plastic, using hand tools and power tools. Joins pipe
by use of screws, bolts, fittings, solder, plastic solvent, and calks joints.
Fills pipe system with water or air and reads pressure gauges to determine
whether system is leaking. Installs and repairs plumbing fixtures, such as
sinks, commodes, bathtubs, water heaters, hot water tanks, garbage disposal
units, dishwashers, and water softeners. Repairs and maintains plumbing by
replacing washers in leaky faucets, mending burst pipes, and opening clogged
drains. May weld holding fixtures to steel structural members.
Sheet-Metal Worker, Maintenance
Fabricates, installs and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal equipment
and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lockers, tanks,
ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all types of sheet-metal
maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other specifications; setting up
and operating all available types of sheet-metal working machines; using a
variety of hand tools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting and
assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles as requires. In general,
the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
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FURNITURE MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR OCCUPATIONS
Assists one or more electrostatic spray painters in repainting furniture by
performing specific or general duties of lesser skill. Moves materials or
furniture to work areas, using hand truck or dolly. Cleans surfaces of
articles to be painted. The Furniture Handler is confined to supplying
lifting, holding materials and tools, and cleaning working areas.
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LAUNDRY, DRY CLEANING, PRESSING AND RELATED
This category includes occupations concerned with receiving, sorting,
washing, drying, drycleaning, dyeing, pressing, and preparing for delivery
of clothes, linens, and other articles requiring laundering, drycleaning or
pressing; and with modifying and repairing clothing and equipment, using
hand tools, machines, and other devices to fit, cut, sew, rivet, assemble
and attach findings to articles such as belts, brief cases, bags, gun
covers, hats, rainwear, tents, and uniforms.
Assembler (Assorter; Distributor; Matcher;
Sorts or assembles the various dry-cleaned or laundered garments and other
items of each customerís order, matching the articles according to description
and identifying number as shown by plant records.
Counter Attendant (Service Establishment
Receives articles, such as shoes and clothing, to be repaired or cleaned, in
personal-service establishment. Examines articles to determine nature of
repair and advises customer of repair needed. Quotes prices and prepares
work ticket. Sends articles to work department. Returns to finished
articles to customer and collects amount due. May keep records of cash
receipts and articles received and delivered. May sell articles, such as
cleaner, polish, shoelaces, and accessories.
Operates a drycleaning machine to clean garments, drapes, and other
articles. Work involves most of the following: Knowledge of cleaning
processes, fabrics, and colors; placing sorted articles in drum of cleaning
machine; operating valves to admit cleaning fluids into drum of machine;
starting drum rotating, allowing it to rotate until articles are cleaned and
removing articles are cleaned and removing articles from machine; and draining
and filtering cleaning fluid. May, in addition, operate an extractor,
tumbling machine, or place articles in a cabinet dryer.
Presses articles, such as drapes, knit goods, millinery parts, garments, and
slip covers, or delicate textiles, such as lace, synthetics and silks to remove
wrinkles, flatten seams, and give shape to article, using hand iron.
Places article in position on ironing board or worktable. Smooths and
shapes fabric prior to pressing. Sprays water over fabric to soften fibers
when not using steam iron. Adjusts temperature of iron, according to type
of fabric, and uses covering cloths to prevent scorching or to avoid sheen on
delicate fabrics. Pushes and pulls iron over surfaces of article,
employing knowledge relevant to pressing different types of fabrics.
Pushes and pulls iron over surfaces of article, employing knowledge relevant to
pressing different types of fabrics. Fits odd-shaped pieces which cannot
be pressed flat over puff iron. May pin, fold, and hang article after
Presser, Machine, Drycleaning
Smooths the surfaces of garments, slip covers, drapes, and other
shaped-fabric articles with a pressing machine to shape the articles, remove
wrinkles, and to flatten seams. May operate two presses, loading one while
the other is closed.
Presser, Machine, Shirts
Operates or tends the operation of one or more of the several types of
machines that press shirts. Performs such shirt pressing operations as
body pressing, bosom pressing, collar and cuff pressing, and/or sleeve pressing.
Presser, Machine, Wearing Apparel, Laundry
Operates machine to press family wearing apparel (T-shirts, socks, shorts,
and so forth) or uniforms and coats from linen supply and commercial accounts.
May fold and stack finished work or hang garments on rack. Shirt pressers
are not to be included in this occupation.
Washer, Machine (Washman)
Operates one or more washing machines to wash household linens, garments,
curtains, drapes, and other articles. Work involves the following:
Manipulating valves, switches, and levers to start and stop the machine and to
control the amount and temperature of water for the sudsing and rinsing of each
batch; mixing and adding soap, bluing and bleaching solutions; loading and
unloading the washing machine, if not done by loaders or unloaders (pullers).
May make minor repairs to washing machine.
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PLANT AND SYSTEM OPERATION OCCUPATIONS
Tends one or more boilers to produce steam or high-temperature water for use
in an establishment. Fires boiler Observes and interprets readings on
gauges, meters, and charts which register various aspects of boiler operation.
Adjusts controls to insure safe and efficient boiler operation and to meet
demands for steam or high-temperature water. May also do one or more of
the following: Maintain a log in which various aspects of boiler operation are
recorded; clean, oil , make minor repairs or assist in repair to boiler room
equipment; and following prescribed methods, treat boiler water with chemicals
and analyze boiler water for such tings as acidity, causticity, and alkalinity.
Operates and maintains one or more systems which provide an establishment
with such services as heat, air-conditioning (cool, humidify, dehumidify,
filter, and circulate air), refrigeration, steam or high-temperature water or
electricity. Duties involve: Observing and interpreting readings on
gauges, meters and charts which register various aspects of the systemís
operation, adjusting controls to insure safe and efficient operation ; keeping
the engines, machinery and equipment of the system in good working order.
May direct and coordinate activities of other workers (not stationary engineers)
in performing tasks directly related to operating and maintaining the system or
systems. The classification excludes head or chief engineers in
establishments employing more than one engineer; workers required to be skilled
in the repair of electronic control equipment; workers in establishments
producing electricity, steam, or heated or cooled air primarily for sale; and
Ventilation Equipment Tender
Tends ventilating and heating equipment, such as fans, vacuum pumps, air
compressors, vents and ducts, and lubrication-oil coolers used in buildings or
industrial processes: Adjusts valves to regulate temperature of lubrication oil
and flow of water through system. Moves controls to regulate speed of fans
and to adjust vents and ducts. records gauge readings, repairs completed,
and time lost because of inoperative equipment. Writes repair work order
tickets and out-of-order tags preparatory to equipment repair,. Inspects
equipment to detect excessive noise and heat. Replaces gauges and tightens
and chalks leaky fittings, using wrenches, hammers, and chalking tool.
Cleans carbon deposits, pitch, and grease from fans, vents and ducts,
using scrapers, hammer, and compressed air or steam.
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TRANSPORATION/MOBILE EQUIPMENT OPERATION
Parking and Lot Attendant
Operates daily activity in a parking lot. Checks vehicles in and out
of lot. May be required to move and/or park vehicles. Controls
authorized entry and use of lot. Refers parking related problems arising
within the facility to appropriate authorities for administrative action,
ticketing or other law enforcement activity deemed warranted.
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