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CONN-OSHA Report Finds Injuries And Illnesses Decrease In 1998

For immediate release
December 21, 1999

WETHERSFIELD - An annual survey of occupational injuries and illnesses compiled by the Department of Labor’s CONN-OSHA division shows a total of 97,000 injuries and illnesses were reported in Connecticut public and private sector workplaces during 1998. That translates into a rate of 7.1 cases per equivalent full-time workers, Commissioner James P. Butler reported today.

The survey shows a slight increase in the number of cases since last year, a fact offset by a one percent increase in hours worked in 1998. That amounts to a reduction in the incidence rate from 7.2 reported in 1997, to 7.1 in 1998.

“The overall Connecticut incidence rate of reported injuries and illnesses has dropped from a level of 7.2 cases per full-time workers in 1997 to 7.1 cases in 1998 (Table 1),” explains Joseph Weber, CONN-OSHA Research Analyst Supervisor, who helped prepare the report.  “The private sector rate of 6.6 matches the all-time low rate set in 1997.  After three consecutive years with an incidence rate of 9.0, the private sector rate in Connecticut dropped to 8.5 in 1994, 8.0 in 1995, 7.4 in 1996 and now to 6.6 for 1997 and 1998 (Table 6).”

National Rates and Totals – The national rate of occupational injuries and illnesses in the private sector declined for the sixth year in a row to an all-time low in 1998. A total of 5.9 million injuries and illnesses were reported in private industry workplaces last year, a rate of 6.7 cases per equivalent full-time workers, according to the U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics.  Employers reported a four percent drop in the number of cases and a three percent increase in hours worked as compared with 1997, Weber said. That reduced the case rate from 7.1 in 1997 to 6.7 in 1998.  Every major industry division experienced a decline in the workplace injury and illness rates over the year.

Connecticut Public Sector – The incidence rate for Connecticut’s state and local government employees, Weber said, also declined in 1998.  The rate dropped from 12.4 in 1997 to a level of 11.9 for 1998, surpassing the previous record low level of 12.3 in 1995.  The decrease was seen exclusively in state government, which dropped from .4 in 1997 to a record low 8.7 in 1998. The local government sector increased slightly over the year, from 13.6 in 1997 to 13.7 in 1998.  The lost workday incidence rate in the public sector remained at its all-time low level.  Since the survey’s all-time high level in 1989 of 8.6, the rate of lost workday cases has dropped steadily to its current record low of 4.8.

Industry Comparisons –  To account for differences in industry employment and hours worked, the Bureau of Labor Statistics calculates incidence rates relating the number of injuries and/or illnesses to employee hours in the workplace (See Footnote 1, Table 1). The 1998 injury and illness rates ranged from 11.9 in state and local government, to 1.8 in finance, insurance and real estate.  Normally, fluctuations occur within the major industry divisions in the state whether or not there is an increase or decrease in the overall incidence rate of work-related injuries and illnesses.  In 1998, four major industry divisions reported decreases in their injury and illness rates – agriculture, construction, manufacturing and government.  Three industry divisions reported increases – mining, wholesale trade and retail trade.  The remaining three – transportation and public utilities, finance insurance and real estate, and services were unchanged from their 1997 rates (Table 5).

Highest Rate Industries - An examination of the industries with the ten highest rates of occupational injury and illness shows that the public sector continues to be the most hazardous (Table 1).  Local government contributed three of the top four industries: local fire protection (43.1), local public works operations (34.7) and local police protection (25.9).  The third highest industry was private sector air transportation (29.0).  These were followed by general industry machinery manufacturing (16.9), agricultural production (16.9) and nursing homes (16.7).  Masonry contractor (16.2), cutlery, handtools and hardware manufacturing (15.8), and metal forgings and stampings manufacturing (14.7) round out the top-ten list.

Lost Workday Cases  - Slightly under half of the 97,000 cases in 1998 (48,000) were lost workday cases. That is, they required recuperation away from work or restricted duties at work, or both (Table 2).  The incidence rate for lost workday cases has declined steadily since 1989 in Connecticut’s public sector (from 8.6 to 4.8) In the private sector it has moved up slightly (from 3.2 to 3.4) after five years of decline (Table 6).

Injuries - Of the 97,000 nonfatal injuries and illnesses in 1998, 91,500 (94 percent) were injuries that resulted in either lost worktime, medical treatment other than first aid, loss of consciousness, restriction of work or motion, or transfer to another job.  Injury rates are generally higher for mid-sized establishments employing 50 to 249 workers than for smaller or larger establishments. However, this pattern does not hold within certain industry divisions (Table 3).

Illnesses - There were about 5,500 newly reported cases of occupational illnesses in Connecticut in 1998, just under six percent of the total number of injuries and illnesses reported statewide.  Over 40 percent of the reported occupational illnesses, 2,300 cases, were in the manufacturing division (Table 4).

About the Survey

The Connecticut Department of Labor (DOL), in conjunction with the U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), has just completed the seventh year of a redesigned survey of occupational injuries and illnesses.  DOL, using additional information collected for 1997, has already released details on who sustained workplace injuries and illnesses and how they occurred.  Data from 1998 is due to be released next spring.  Summary statistics comparable to those provided in previous years will continue to be reported.  The revised survey enables DOL to provide case characteristics, demographic data and injury and illness profiles that will allow analysis of such variables as the age, sex and occupation of the injured worker as well as the nature, body part affected, and type and source of the injury or illness.  The goal is to better recognize and abate work hazards.

The Annual Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses is a federal-state program in which employer reports are collected and processed by the Connecticut Department of Labor in cooperation with BLS.  Approximately 4,500 establishments representing private industry (except for mines and railroads) and state and local government were sampled for 1998.

The survey excludes the self employed, farmers with fewer than 11 employees, private households, and employees in federal government agencies.  Under a separate system, agencies of the federal government file work injury and illness reports with the U.S. Labor Secretary.

Occupational injuries and illnesses for coal, metal and nonmetal mining and railroad activities were provided to BLS by the U.S. DOL Mine Safety and Health Administration and the Federal Railroad Administration of the U.S. Department of Transportation.

The annual survey estimates of occupational injuries and illnesses are based on a scientifically selected sample, rather than a census of the entire population.  Results for sample-based estimates may differ from the results obtained from a population census.  The sample used was one of many possible samples, each of which could have produced different estimates.  The variation in the sample estimates across all possible samples that could have been drawn is measured by the standard error.  This can be used to calculate a “confidence interval” around the sample estimate.  Details are available from the state DOL Occupational Safety and Health Statistics Unit.
The data also is subject to non-sampling error such as inability to obtain information about all cases in the sample, mistakes in recording or coding the data and difficulties in agreeing on definitions.


1998 Summary Data Tables

IMORTANT  NOTE: Some of the following tables were created in PDF format.  Adobe Acrobat Reader software is needed to view and print these documents.  If you do not currently have this software installed on your computer, you may download it from the CONN-OSHA Home Page.
  • Table 1: Incidence rates of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses by industry and selected case types, 1998  
  • Table 2: Number of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses by industry and selected case types, 1998  
  • Table 3: Incidence rates of nonfatal occupational injuries by industry division and employment size, 1998  
  • Table 4: Number of nonfatal occupational illnesses by industry division and selected case types, 1998  
  • Table 5: Incidence rates of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses by industry division and selected case types, 1995-1998  
  • Table 6: Occupational injury and illness incidence rates per full-time workers, (1) 1976-98 (2) Connecticut (PDF, 8KB)

1998 Summary Charts

  • Chart 1: Incidence rates per full-time workers for total nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses by industry division, Connecticut, 1997 & 1998 (PDF, 12KB)
  • Chart 2: Percent distribution of occupational illnesses by category of illness, Connecticut, all industries, 1998 (PDF, KB)

1998 Case and Demographic Data Tables

Private Industry

  • Table 1: Number of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by selected worker characteristics and industry division, 1998, Connecticut, private industry  
  • Table 2: Percent distribution of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by selected worker characteristics and industry division, 1998, Connecticut, private industry 
  • Table 3: Number of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by selected worker occupations and industry division, 1998, Connecticut, private industry  
  • Table 4: Number of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by selected injury and illness characteristics and industry division, 1998, Connecticut, private industry 
  • Table 5: Percent distribution of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by selected injury and illness characteristics and industry division, 1998, Connecticut, private industry  
  • Table 6: Incidence rates for nonfatal injuries and illnesses involving days away from work per full-time workers for selected characteristics and industry division, 1998, Connecticut, private industry  
  • Table 7: Percent distribution of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by selected worker characteristics and number of days away from work, 1998, Connecticut, private industry  
  • Table 8: Percent distribution of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by selected occupations and number of days away from work, 1998, Connecticut, private industry  
  • Table 9: Percent distribution of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by selected injury or illness characteristics and number of days away from work, 1998, Connecticut, private industry  
  • Table 10: Percent distribution of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by industry division and number of days away from work, 1998, Connecticut, private industry 
State Government
  • Table 1: Number of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by selected worker characteristics and industry division, 1998, Connecticut, state government 
  • Table 2: Percent distribution of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by selected worker characteristics and industry division, 1998, Connecticut, state government  
  • Table 3: Number of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by selected worker occupations and industry division, 1998, Connecticut, state government  
  • Table 4: Number of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by selected injury and illness characteristics and industry division, 1998, Connecticut, state government  
  • Table 5: Percent distribution of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by selected injury and illness characteristics and industry division, 1998, Connecticut, state government  
  • Table 6: Incidence rates for nonfatal injuries and illnesses involving days away from work per full-time workers for selected characteristics and industry division, 1998, Connecticut, state government  
  • Table 7: Percent distribution of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by selected worker characteristics and number of days away from work, 1998, Connecticut, state government  
  • Table 8: Percent distribution of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by selected occupations and number of days away from work, 1998, Connecticut, state government  
  • Table 9: Percent distribution of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by selected injury or illness characteristics and number of days away from work, 1998, Connecticut, state government  
  • Table 10: Percent distribution of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by industry division and number of days away from work, 1998, Connecticut, state government  
Local Government
  • Table 1: Number of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by selected worker characteristics and industry division, 1998, Connecticut, local government  
  • Table 2: Percent distribution of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by selected worker characteristics and industry division, 1998, Connecticut, local government 
  • Table 3: Number of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by selected worker occupations and industry division, 1998, Connecticut, local government  
  • Table 4: Number of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by selected injury and illness characteristics and industry division, 1998, Connecticut, local government  
  • Table 5: Percent distribution of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by selected injury and illness characteristics and industry division, 1998, Connecticut, local government  
  • Table 6: Incidence rates for nonfatal injuries and illnesses involving days away from work per full-time workers for selected characteristics and industry division, 1998, Connecticut, local government  
  • Table 7: Percent distribution of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by selected worker characteristics and number of days away from work, 1998, Connecticut, local government  
  • Table 8: Percent distribution of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by selected occupations and number of days away from work, 1998, Connecticut, local government  
  • Table 9: Percent distribution of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by selected injury or illness characteristics and number of days away from work, 1998, Connecticut, local government  
  • Table 10: Percent distribution of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by industry division and number of days away from work, 1998, Connecticut, local government  

1998 Case and Demographic Charts

  • Chart 1: Number of occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work for selected occupations, Connecticut, private industry, 1992-1998
  • Chart 2: Percent distribution of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by major occupational group, Connecticut, private industry, 1998
  • Chart 3: Percent distribution of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by age of worker, Connecticut, private industry, 1998
  • Chart 4: Percent distribution of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by length of service, Connecticut, private industry, 1998
  • Chart 5: Median days away from work due to nonfatal occupational injury or illness by age of worker, Connecticut, private industry, 1998
  • Chart 6: Median days away from work due to nonfatal occupational injury or illness by nature of injury or illness, Connecticut, private industry, 1998
  • Chart 7: Median days away from work due to nonfatal occupational injury or illness by part of body affected, Connecticut, private industry, 1998
  • Chart 8: Median days away from work due to nonfatal occupational injury or illness by source of injury or illness, Connecticut, private industry, 1998
  • Chart 9: Median days away from work due to nonfatal occupational injury or illness by event or exposure, Connecticut, private industry, 1998
  • Chart 10: Occupations with the highest median days away from work, Connecticut, private industry, 1998
  • Chart 11: Occupations with the most injuries and illnesses with days away from work, Connecticut, private industry, 1998
  • Chart 12: Percent distribution of occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by nature of injury or illness, Connecticut, private industry, 1998
  • Chart 13: Percent distribution of occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by part of body affected, Connecticut, private industry, 1998
  • Chart 14: Percent distribution of occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by source of injury or illness, Connecticut, private industry, 1998
  • Chart 15: Percent distribution of occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by event or exposure, Connecticut, private industry, 1998

Safety and Health Statistics

Last Updated: October 24, 2016


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