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Trade Readjustment Allowances (TRA)

Trade Readjustment Allowances (TRA) provide income support to workers enrolled in full-time training.  If otherwise eligible, the number of TRA weeks potentially available to a worker will depend upon the worker’s training participation.  TRA may be paid as basic, additional and remedial TRA.  Basic TRA may be received without training if training is not suitable and appropriate and the worker receives a training waiver.

 

I. There is a training enrollment deadline for TRA:

Trade Act petition numbers greater than 70,000:

  • The worker otherwise eligible for TRA must enroll in TAA-approved training, or obtain a training waiver, before the last day of the 26th week after the date of either 1) the Trade Act certification providing TAA eligibility or 2) the worker’s most recent qualifying separation, whichever is later.

Trade Act petition numbers lower than 70,000 and greater than 50,000:

  • The worker otherwise eligible for TRA must enroll in TAA-approved training, or obtain a training waiver, before the last day of the 8th week after the date of the Trade Act certification providing TAA eligibility or the last day of the 16th week following the worker’s most recent qualifying separation, whichever is later.

No TRA may be paid after the applicable deadline has passed unless the training enrollment/waiver requirement has been satisfied.  The time limits described above may be extended by 45 days if the Administrator determines that there are extenuating circumstances that justify an extension in the training enrollment period.  

Additional provisions relating to the deadline may also apply for workers covered under petition numbers greater than 70,000:

  • For such workers who do not receive timely notice of either the training enrollment requirement or their ability to apply for TAA in general, the training enrollment deadline is the Monday of the first week occurring 60 days after notification. 

  • Additional good cause provisions of State unemployment insurance law may also apply.   

II. Basic, Additional, and Remedial TRA Details

Basic TRA Benefits - 26 weeks

  • payable while participating in TAA-approved training, after completing TAA-approved training, or while waived from training.

Additional TRA Benefits

  • Trade Act petition numbers greater than 70,000:

    • up to 78 weeks while actively participating in TAA-approved training.
       

  • Trade Act petition numbers lower than 70,000 and greater than 50,000:

    • up to 52 weeks while actively participating in TAA-approved training, if a signed training application is submitted within 210 days of the date of the worker’s applicable Trade Act certification or most recent qualifying separation, whichever is later.

Remedial TRA

Up to 26 weeks while actively participating in TAA-approved training if the worker’s training program includes remedial education. 

  • For petition numbers greater than 70,000, the extra 26 weeks may be based on participation in either remedial education or necessary prerequisite courses.

III. Training Programs and Waivers

The TRA training requirement may be waived if training is not suitable and appropriate.  The training requirement may be waived only after an assessment that results in a determination that one of the waiver provisions is met.  A waiver may issued for one of the following reasons:

  • Recall - The worker has been notified of recall by the firm from which the separation occurred.

  • Marketable Skills - The worker possesses marketable skills for suitable employment and there is a reasonable expectation of employment at equivalent wages in the foreseeable future.

  • Retirement - The worker is within 2 years of meeting all requirements for entitlement to either Social Security benefits or a private pension sponsored by an employer or labor organization.

  • Health - The worker is unable to participate in training due to the health of the worker (this basis for a waiver does not exempt a worker from the availability for work, active search for work, or refusal to accept work requirements under Federal or State unemployment compensation laws).

  • Enrollment Unavailable - The first available enrollment date for the worker’s approved training is within 60 days after the date of the waiver determination or, if later, there are extenuating circumstances for the delay in enrollment.

  • Training Not Available - Approved training is not reasonably available to the worker from either governmental agencies or private sources, no suitable training for the worker is available at reasonable cost, or no training funds are available.

Waiver follow-up is required to determine whether the circumstances existing at the time of waiver issuance continue to exist.  The waiver may be revoked if training subsequently becomes suitable and appropriate or the worker fails to comply with follow-up as directed. 

IV. Training and Availability for Work

A worker enrolled in TAA-approved training is not required to seek or accept employment.  If otherwise eligible, the worker may receive unemployment compensation and TRA without being attached to the labor market.  While receiving basic TRA after completing training, or while covered under a training waiver, the worker must comply with the TRA work search requirements, more strict than work search requirements for regular unemployment compensation. 

V. Training Disqualifications

A worker approved for training who, without justifiable cause, fails to begin or ceases participating will be ineligible for TRA (if otherwise eligible) and any other payment under the Trade Act, for the week of such occurrence and any week thereafter until the week in which the worker enters or resumes approved training.  Justifiable cause would be determined by comparing the worker’s actions with the actions of a reasonable individual in similar circumstance and may include, but is not limited to, reasons beyond the worker’s control.  If a worker fails to begin or complete approved training, the worker may be liable for an overpayment of TAA benefits, including TRA and/or training costs.


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